Published 30 March 2006
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Her first involvement in the Resistance

Then I said that "Yes" it was OK, all the more so since my mother’s younger brother had found means to return to Canada, where he had lived for some time and immediatly got involved in the "France Libre" ; obviously for a young girl of 19 it would have been difficult to leave France at the time of the arrival of the Germans but all the same some people had to stay there and tried to do something.

So I received a visit from a teaching collegue who was old enough to hqve been my father who asked me if I wanted to work in an underground printing press, well that is a big world for what I had to do because I didnt have any other means apart from a type writer and what we called a "planche a polycopier" that is to say that I had to put in the paper, pass the roller, soak the printer ink, first on one side of the paper and then on the other, it took a long time.

I accepted, so I had at home the materials, which were forbidden, plus obtaining the newspaper to print and to obtain also the ink for the printer was a big deal, it was difficult too because everything could be used as propaganda against Germany, Vichy government, which had been set up under Marshall Petain, who was friends with Germany and had the same policies as the occupants, so everything... so everything was under surveillance but we had to believe at that time that people could manage themselves and we could accomplish the material side of what I had to do. That is to say I was entirely in charge of the printing. I put out about four to six hundred papers every fortnight sometimes I was given one copy and had to reproduce the rest for distribution through the local population.